Check failed: !axes.defined() || static_cast<int>(axes.size()) == ndim: Dimension mismatch

When statements relay.vm.compile() and () are executed step by step, the script will crash.

However, the script can run very well when I delete one of the statements from relay.vm.compile() and ().

The runnable script:

import keras
import tvm
import tvm.relay as relay

if __name__ == '__main__':
    model_path = './vgg16-cifar10_origin.h5'
    target = 'llvm'
    predict_model = keras.models.load_model(model_path)
    shape_dict = {'conv2d_1_input': (1, 3, 32, 32)}

    irmod, params = relay.frontend.from_keras(predict_model, shape_dict)

    with tvm.transform.PassContext(opt_level=3):
        vm_exec = relay.vm.compile(irmod, target, params=params)
        graph, lib, params =, target=target, params=params)

You can access the vgg16-cifar10_origin.h5 model from the link:

This seems an issue of AlterOpLayout pass silently modifying the input mod. If you compile for a gpu target or add disabled_pass={"AlterOpLayout"} to PassContext, it should work.

I’m going to take a look at what’s going on with AlterOpLayout

Your are right!.

If you fix this bug, please let me know it. Thank you very much.

ok I opened an issue to track this problem AlterOpLayout modifies input module inplace · Issue #7979 · apache/tvm · GitHub